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How To Spot A Bad Wholesale Deal: 4 Warning Signs

Wholesaling is among the most popular exit strategies for entering the competitive world of real estate. With minimal capital and no experience, wholesaling offers new investors the quickest method for generating a healthy income in real estate. However, not all wholesale deals are created equal. Truth be told, some deals are not worth your time, or your money, and you need to be able to recognize them before you make your next move. In order to identify a good wholesale deal, it’s important to understand the fundamentals of what real estate wholesale is.

Wholesaling is the act of buying a property, marketing it to a potential buyer, and then selling or assigning the contract to a buyer. Often times, the wholesaler will never actually purchase the property but instead sell the home before the contract with the original seller closes. To gain a better understanding of real estate wholesale, and distinguish the difference between a good and bad deal, here are four warning signs of a bad wholesale deal.

4 Warning Signs To Spot A Bad Wholesale Deal

bad-wholesale-deals

No Seller Motivation

The earliest sign of a bad wholesale deal is a distinct lack of motivation on behalf of the seller. As a foreshadowing of things to come, lack of motivation from the seller will hinder almost any deal — no matter how profitable it may be — and should be eliminated during the early stages of property analysis. Asking the following questions will assist in determining a seller’s motivation:

  • What is your reason for wanting to sell at this time?
  • How quickly are you looking to sell the property?
  • What is your ideal closing date?
  • What are your plans if the property doesn’t sell?

If the seller isn’t motivated, and the property doesn’t appear to have a significantly higher after repair value (ARV) compared to the price, it may not be a good deal. However, a last ditch effort may be to make a very low ball offer over the phone to ensure you didn’t miss something.

General Property Information Doesn’t Match

The majority of bad wholesale deals can be eliminated by simply minding your due diligence. The first step in evaluating a good wholesale deal is to gather the critical information about the property, including the seller’s situation, which can usually be found from either the seller, agent, or a third party. It’s important to know the current status of a property and whether it’s owner-occupied, vacant or a rental, as this will provide insight and better information on the seller’s motivation to sell.

Owner-occupied: This is when the seller is currently living in the property. Not only will they have a stronger emotional attachment to the home, but arranging buyer showings will be much more difficult.

Vacant: A vacant property is ideal for wholesalers for two reasons: for one, there is no one living in the property so it’s much easier to schedule buyer showings and two, this could be a sign of distress depending on the seller’s situation which means more motivation to sell.

Rental: It’s important to gather as much information as possible on rental properties. You should educate yourself on the amount of tenants, their rents, and lease terms for a potential property because the buyer will essentially inherit them.

To ensure information is correct, it’s important to obtain its property card. As the city’s record of information about a property, including ownership and all of its improvements, a property card will ensure there aren’t any discrepancies between what the agent or seller has told you.  

No Equity/Not Enough Upside

The magic word when locating a wholesale deal is equity and securing this information beforehand will make it much easier to decide if you want to make the seller an offer. If there is little or no equity and the seller is current on his mortgage, there won’t be much you can do with this deal. To make a profitable deal that is worth your time, it’s crucial you consider the following:

  • What does the seller currently owe in total against the property?
  • Does that include all liens and mortgages?
  • Is the seller current on payments? If not, how many months behind?

If there is little or no equity and the seller is behind payments, then the only way for you to create equity is to negotiate a short sale with the bank. Remember that when wholesaling there needs to be enough upside for you to not only get the property at your price point, but also getting an investor to see the value.

ARV (After Repair Value) Isn’t High Enough

Valuing real estate accurately is a major cornerstone of success for any wholesaler. It’s also a make-it-or-break-it moment for wholesale deals.

When assessing the ARV (After Repair Value) of a potential wholesale property, it’s important to use a sales comparison approach–the litmus test to figuring out if a deal has potential. This approach will directly compare the potential property against three or four recent sales of similar properties, as well as comparing common significant property variables that warrant price adjustments. For wholesalers, using the 70 percent of ARV rule is a great formula to measure profit margins when purchasing distressed real estate, as it will calculate the maximum you can pay for a given property.

Remember, you are ultimately trying to determine what the subject property will be worth once it is fixed up. This is very different from trying to appraise the property in its “as-is” condition. As a wholesaler, you have to show a rehabber that he or she can make a profit from the transaction by adding value to the property.

To locate data on comparable properties, there are a slew of paid and free services such as Redfin and Zillow, as well as  the Multiple Listing Service (MLS) for more detailed information. It’s also important to speak with a local real estate agent or expert in the area, as they are best at determining an accurate after repair value. To gauge the ARV of a property accurately, relying solely on online tools and websites is not recommended. Instead, a combination of online resources and due diligence is preferable, and will ultimately provide the most comprehensive insight.

At the end of the day, wholesaling is not a get-rich-quick business but rather an entrepreneurial path to achieving financial freedom. With some hard work, planning, time, energy and resources, you too can find the right wholesale deal to get started wholesaling.

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