How To Buy A Multifamily Property With No Money

Key Takeaways


Chances are, if you’ve been exposed to the real estate investing trade for a while, you’ve started to think about multifamily investing. If so, you’ve probably heard about the numerous benefits available: More cash flow, easier management, huge tax breaks. But if you’re low on funds, you might be wondering how to buy an apartment building with no money down. Perhaps you’ve assumed if you don’t have huge reserves of cash that multifamily property investing is beyond your reach.

And while it’s true many real estate investing deals, and that includes those attached to a multifamily investment property, will be deprived of vital cash flow if there isn’t a suitable down payment placed, this doesn’t mean if you’re strapped on the down payment side you can’t buy multifamily real estate.

In fact, by being creative with your financing options, you might find that initial lesson in your “Multifamily Investing for Beginners” class is a profitable one. To guide you in this endeavor, here are five strategies for how to finance a multifamily property with little or no money down.

Note: As with any financial transaction, it’s vital to do your due diligence and consult with a financial professional, to ensure a particular strategy works for your needs, such as executing a multifamily rehab property. The information provided here it intended for educational purposes only.


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loans for multi family properties

7 Ways To Buy Multifamily Property With No Money Down

Multifamily properties can come attached with a hefty purchase price, causing some investors to shy away. However, when managed properly, these type of properties present an opportunity to earn a great amount of cash flow and offer strong returns. The purchase price need not present a barrier to entry; there are several ways to invest in multifamily properties for those who don’t have a ton of cash, including the methods below:

  1. Private Money

  2. Equity Shares

  3. Material Sales

  4. Hard Money

  5. Repair Allowance

  6. House Hacking

  7. Real Estate Crowdfunding

1. Private Money

Private money lenders aren’t just useful when acquiring single-family homes. Private lenders can be especially useful on the multifamily side of things, such as investing in multifamily apartments, and can be a great way to move forward on a development project if you don’t currently have the funds for a down payment.

Just as with single-family properties, private lenders don’t have to be connected to an investment firm. In fact, some of the best private money lenders out there for you can be found within your existing social network. This includes family, friends, doctors, colleagues, etc.

Why would somebody in your network give you money? The prospect of a better return than many are getting from their retirement account – and backed with real estate – can make this a compelling case for those you reach out to you (and can help you come up with the funds needed for a multifamily property down payment.)

2. Equity Shares

Finding an equity share investor is slightly different than working with a private money lender. With a private lender you are simply promising a regular return for your investor. But with an equity share investor, you are giving them a portion of the equity of a property in exchange for the funds needed for a down payment in buying multifamily real estate.

For example, let’s say an equity share investor gives you $100,000 to contribute toward a multifamily property. You might then, in exchange, give the investor a 40 percent share of the equity of the property. This would allow your investor to receive both 40 percent of the monthly cash flow from the property, as well as 40 percent of the proceeds from the eventual sale of the property.

This is a powerful strategy for the very reason that equity is attractive to investors. And this method gives investors both a chance to generate short-term and long-term cash flow, something you can use to motivate would-be investors in your down payment quest.

3. Material Sales

This isn’t always possible for every multifamily property project, but there are occasions when a property may contain valuable natural (or manufactured) resources that can be sold, upon purchase of a property, to help generate a down payment.

Material examples would include things like dirt, plants, gravel, timber, fertilizer; any resource that may prove valuable to another party. It’s all about seeing past the perceived value of a multifamily property, and determining whether there are hidden opportunities which can make the deal much more realistic and palatable for you.

4. Hard Money

In case you’re not familiar with the term, hard money lenders (HMLs) can be described as private individuals or small organizations that lend “hard money” to a borrower based on the value of a property, not the borrower’s credit score.

Even though the interest rate and origination fees of a hard money loan are much higher than a traditional mortgage loan, it’s not called “hard money” because of its onerous terms, but because hard money is all about the math. Does the loan-to-value ratio (LTV) of the property — ideally 65% or lower — meet the criteria set by the hard money lender?

If it does, you have a good chance of striking a deal especially if you’ve done your homework and found a multifamily property that has all the earmarks of a steady source of cash flow. If not, it’s time for you to keep searching.

5. Repair Allowance

This strategy is often overlooked by investors, but it can be a powerful way to generate the funds of your multifamily property down payment. It works this way: When you inspect a multifamily property, you’ll make a list of what repairs need to be done before the purchase takes place. And then that money, granted the seller agrees to the transaction, will be given back to you at closing.

Then you have two choices:

  1. You do the repairs yourself. Not an ideal solution, but if you have the expertise and time this can be effective.

  2. A better solution is to already have a team of contractors and/or home repair professionals who (or your partner) have worked with in the past to handle the repairs.

Because you’ve given them steady work in the past, or will do so in the future, you can often get a discount on labor and material costs of the repair. Which is money you can put toward your down payment.

6. House Hacking

House hacking refers to renting out part of a property that you currently live in. Essentially, you can list a spare bedroom, loft or even a shared space online as a short term rental. The most common way to do this is by using Airbnb. Price your rental according to similar listings in the area, and watch your cash flow increase as guests rent out your space.

Both homeowners and renters can utilize this strategy, if lease agreements and local ordinances allow. Research the laws on short term rentals in your area and learn what kind (if any) permits you need to get started. In many popular tourist destinations licensing is required to list your property. After you are free to get started, think about how you can attract guests to your listing. Set up the room, take clear pictures, and list any amenities that come with it. Your room does not have to be over the top, but the better your listing is the more you will be able to charge visitors.

All in all, this underutilized strategy can be a great way to supplement your income and increase your financial reserves. In a few short months, you could even have enough to make a down payment for multi family property.

7. Real Estate Crowdfunding

Instead of raising financing from one lender, consider using crowdfunding as a way to buy a multifamily property. Crowdfunding is a way to raise money by asking a pool of investors for small amounts of capital, rather than one big investment. This strategy was made popular by websites like GoFundMe and Kickstarter, which allow users to easily crowdfund any type of project.

You don’t need any capital to start crowdfunding; however, you do need a reliable network and a strong pitch. Lenders are more likely to be interested in the success of your project, so you need to be prepared to convince them how it will work. It may require some serious dedication, but the good news is after the success of your property investors will be more inclined to refer you to others and support your future projects.

multi family mortgage

Best Multifamily Home Loans

For those researching ways to finance their purchase with a loan, there are several types of loans for multifamily properties available on market. The interest rates on the following loans typically range between 4.5 and 12 percent, and can be appropriate for investors looking to refinance their properties as well:

  • Conventional Multifamily Mortgage: Most traditional lenders offer loans large enough to finance multifamily properties, usually for those between two and four units. (Anything larger would qualify as a commercial property.) Conventional mortgages are great for investors who desire a longer-term loan and are able to make a 20 percent down payment.

  • Federal Financing: Multiple government agencies, such as the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac sponsor multifamily loan programs. These loans are great for investors who do not have much for a down payment, and are willing to live in one of the units.

  • Portfolio Loan: Portfolio loans are loans that can be used to purchase multiple properties at once. These long-term loans are right for investors who want to purchase up to 10 properties at once.

  • Short-term Financing: Some investors might need a short-term loan, such as a hard money loan or bridge loan, for flexibility. For example, an investor may want to act quickly on a deal and finance it in the short-term until they can renovate it or increase occupancy until they can meet the requirements of a longer-term loan. Short-term financing is typically associated with higher interest rates.

Pros Of Buying Multifamily Properties

Before deciding to add a multifamily property to your investment portfolio, you should take the time to weigh the pros and cons to decide if it is right for you. There are many benefits to investing in multifamily property that attract investors to pursue these opportunities.

  • Recurring Income:The recurring monthly income that a multifamily property can produce is one of the most prominent benefits of this investment. Financially sound deals have the potential to offset your monthly expenses and put cash in your wallet every month.

  • Income Diversity:A vacancy in a single home property will result in a loss of income for that time period. However, if one unit is unoccupied in a multifamily property, the other units will continue to generate income, helping to alleviate the cost of the vacancy.

  • Low Maintenance: Many maintenance repairs such as roofing or central heating can be made to all units in a multifamily property at once. This will help to save you time and money on supplies and labor.

  • Multiple Income Sources:In larger multifamily properties, investors have opportunities to generate more sources of income on site. You can charge tenants additional fees for parking or garage spaces, or install coin-operated laundry facilities that will provide income in addition to monthly rent.

  • Performance-Based Financing:Financing for multifamily properties is based on the performance of the property, not your personal financial situation. This can be a benefit if you are looking to invest in real estate but do not have a great credit score.

Cons Of Buying Multifamily Properties

Although there are many benefits of buying and owning multifamily property, doing so can be more complex than single home investments, so it is important to understand the challenges that you may face.

  • Management:Managing a multifamily property can be time consuming, especially if there are more than 4 units in the property. Many investors choose to hire on site property managers or a property management company instead of taking on the task themselves, but both of these options will come with additional costs.

  • Higher Turnover:On average, multifamily property tenants occupy a unit for about 2 years or less, compared to the 5 to 7-year occupancy of the average single home tenant. Be sure to take the marketing costs that are necessary to attract new tenants due to the higher turnover of multifamily tenants.

  • Tenants Neglect Property:The normal wear and tear of multifamily properties tend to be greater than single-family properties, so investors should be prepared to make more repairs between each tenant’s occupancy.

  • High Cost Of Maintenance:When major issues arise in a multifamily property, multiple units will be affected, resulting in more expensive maintenance repairs. If issues such as heating system failures or plumbing issues occur, it will cost more to repair multiple units than it would cost to repair a single-family home, so investors should be prepared for these expenses if they ever are to occur.

Summary

Whether investing in multifamily property is right for you will require investors to think creatively about your obstacles and strategize how to buy an apartment building with no money down in a way that works for you. By reaching out to your network, exploring hard money options—even calculating the resale value of timber—you might just find avenues for multifamily investing you never thought possible. There are benefits and drawbacks to any investing strategy, but if investors are fully aware of what lays ahead of them they are much more likely to achieve success with multifamily property investments.

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