Let’s make one thing clear: learning how to flip houses with no money is entirely possible. There’s an entire community of investors ready and able to lend you the funds you need to complete your first deal. That’s right; there are plenty of investors willing to fill your pockets with their money — if you can prove to them that you deserve it, that is.
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What Is House Flipping?
House flipping is the process of a real estate investor purchasing a property, making repairs or upgrades, and selling it for a profit. This investing strategy is intended for an investor to sell the property as fast as possible instead of using the property to reside in. House flipping is generally the most lucrative when an investor can locate an undervalued home, purchase it for a below market value, and receive the highest possible bid once the property is repaired and put back on the market. While there will be initial costs, house flipping with no money can be done using several different strategies.
How Much Does It Cost To Flip A House?
The main costs of flipping a house will include renovation expenses, insurance, utilities, and marketing. Upon purchase, the condition of the house will determine the scope of work necessary to rehab the house and whether or not you will need to hire a contractor to complete bigger projects. You will need to cover homeowners insurance costs from the time you purchase the property until renovations are completed and you sell the house. The house’s utilities need to be accounted for during the rehab process as water and electricity will be necessary to carry out the rehab. Once the rehab is completed, you will need to spend time and money on marketing to attract potential buyers. It may be worth hiring a realtor to help get your property off the market unless you have an extensive network of real estate professionals already in place.
Dorothea Hudson, an investing expert with Clearsurance.com, says that “the fact that interest rates have been increased this year means that the price of houses will most likely decline. So a flipper can purchase a property for a little less money than would’ve been the case last year at the same time”.
If you want to learn how to flip houses with no money, using other people’s money will most likely be your quickest path to success, but you need to know who to look for. Below you will find your best options for funding your first house flipping deal.
9 Ways To Flip Houses With No Money & Bad Credit
Nowhere does it say an investor needs to fund a deal with their own money. As it turns out, there are several options for funding a deal made available to today’s investors, none of which will require you to use capital from your own pocket. In fact, it’s quite easy to argue that using other people’s money is the gold standard, at least when it comes to investing in real estate. If for nothing else, private lenders, hard money lenders and any house flipping investors with interest in making money are all more than viable options to seek out for your next deal. Here are a few options to help you learn how to flip a house with no money:
Hard Money Lenders
Partner With House Flipping Investors
Option To Buy
1. Private Lenders
More often than not, private lenders will serve as an investor’s greatest source of funding. After all, private money lenders are essentially banks without the endless hoops to jump through most traditional lenders have become synonymous with. That said, private lenders are anyone with a few extra dollars in their pocket, a desire to invest, and a propensity to have their “ears bent.” Perhaps even more importantly, they are not associated with a financial institution or a government-backed agency, such as Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac. That’s an important distinction to make; it means they can make their own rules.
With the ability to set their own parameters, private money lenders will typically come at a steep price; it’s not uncommon for their fee to rest somewhere in the neighborhood of six and 12 percent, but I digress. While the average private money lenders rate is slightly higher than a traditional lender’s, they can have the money in an investor’s hand in as little as a few days or even hours. Therein lies the greatest benefit of working with private money lenders: speed of implementation. The slightly higher interest rate is well worth the cost of admission if it means an investor can secure funding in as little time as possible. Not surprisingly, most investors will find that the speed at which they can make an offer is more important than the interest rate it came with. On the other hand, traditional banks may take as long as 30 to 45 days to close on a loan or just long enough to let a deal slip through your fingers.
Most private money lenders will require a bit of an insurance policy; or, more specifically, a promissory note and a mortgage or trust deed on the subject property. Some private lenders will even want borrowers to take it a step further and guarantee the loan with their own assets, but everything is negotiable.
2. Hard Money Lenders
In their simplest form, hard money lenders are lending companies that offer specialized short-term real estate-backed loans. Unlike their private money counterparts, they are affiliated with a company specializing in lending. However, hard money lenders will typically offer shorter loan terms to avoid confusion with traditional lending institutions. Whereas transactional lenders will offer loans up to 15 and 30 years, hard money lenders tend to stick with a six-month to two-year window.
Other than their affiliation with an actual company, hard money lenders will operate a lot like private money lenders. Not only are their lending guidelines a lot looser than traditional institutions, but their rates are also slightly higher. Hard money lenders will usually ask for about 11 to 15 percent and about five points (additional upfront percentage fees based on the loan amount). However, it is worth noting that there are no universal hard money lender guidelines; each will come complete with a different set of criteria.
According to experts at New England Home Buyers, “you can fund all home repairs using hard money lenders. Unlike traditional bank loans, hard money borrowing is not contingent on your creditworthiness. However, fees and interest rates for hard money loans are frequently higher. Take note that interest rates might range from 8% to 15%, and points can range from one to five”.
It is also important to note that most hard money lenders will usually only loan a percentage of the purchase price — typically around 70 percent, to be exact. That will require most investors to look elsewhere if they don’t want to spend any money out of their own pockets, perhaps a private lender.
[ Learning how to invest in real estate doesn’t have to be hard! Our online real estate investing class has everything you need to shorten the learning curve and start investing in real estate in your area. ]
What Is The 70% Rule In House Flipping?
Home flippers have a straightforward business model: they buy a house for a low price, renovate it, and then resell it for a greater price. The purpose of a flipper is to buy low and sell high in order to maximize their earnings. When flippers are looking at real estate listings, the 70 percent rule can come in handy. Essentially, it states that investors should pay no more than 70% of a property’s after-repair value, minus the cost of the repairs required to refurbish it.
The after-repair value, or ARV, of a property is the amount a home could sell for after being renovated by a flipper. Investors must estimate how much the property will sell for after it has been renovated when purchasing a home to flip. They can then multiply that figure by 70% and deduct it from the estimated cost of renovating the property. The result is the most that flippers should be willing to pay for that home or property. The formula for the 70% rule is:
After-repair value (ARV) ✕ .70 − Estimated repair costs = Maximum buying price
The important thing to remember is that the 70% rule is merely a guideline. Before purchasing a house, you should research market conditions, consult with real estate professionals to acquire a more realistic resale estimate, and meet with contractors to figure out how much repairs will cost and which upgrades are required.
The Difference Between Hard Money & Conventional Loans
Conventional lenders like big banks judge whether or not to award loans based on the borrower’s qualifications, such as their credit score and debt to income ratio. Hard money lenders consider the borrower’s credit score and income, but they are not as important as they are to banks. These lenders can be individuals or small businesses, and each will have its own set of loan qualifications. Hard money loans are typically based on the investment property at hand and the strength of the deal presented to them. They will evaluate the after repair value (ARV) of the property and the reliability of the rehabber before making the loan. Hard money lenders will finance properties that need repair that most big lenders will not, but will also require higher interest rates and less favorable terms than traditional lenders.
How To Find Hard Money Lenders
Hard money lenders are located throughout the country, you need to know how to find them. The easiest way to find them is by searching online for hard money lenders in your area. Here you will find results for companies who work with hard money loans that you can contact. Attending real estate investor meetings is a great way to network with hard money lenders looking to work with potential borrowers. You can also reach out to other real estate professionals in your network who have experience working with these lenders or know of a contact that you can reach out to.
Wholesaling houses can enable investors to make a lot of money in a short amount of time, making it a great vehicle for flipping houses. The process involves finding properties for sale, getting them under contract, and then assigning the contract to a new buyer. Wholesalers make money based on a percentage of the final sale, which is usually between five and ten percent. The wholesale process does not actually involve purchasing properties, making it a great opportunity to get started in real estate without access to financing.
There is one thing to keep in mind as you consider this route: wholesale properties will not fall from the sky, and neither are buyers. While this is a highly lucrative opportunity, investors will need to take on an active role to succeed. This requires keeping a close eye on the market, networking with potential buyers, and learning how to negotiate contracts. However, by putting in the necessary effort to succeed as a wholesaler, investors will be well on their way to securing their first rehab property. As a bonus: the skills and connections needed for wholesaling will certainly come in handy as investors progress into flipping houses.
[If you want to learn more about building your first wholesale buyers list, be sure to read this article.]
4. Partner With House Flipping Investors
Both private and hard money lenders are a great way for investors to flip houses with no money out of their own pockets, but they are not the only ways. One additional way to flip a house without using your own money is to partner with house flipping investors. It is entirely possible that teaming up with someone that is already flipping houses can be your next best move, and there’s no reason they couldn’t provide you with the funding you need. That said, a partner with money is just as good as a private lender or hard money lender.
Instead of taking on your next deal alone, consider the idea of partnering up with house flipping investors. Provided the right alliances are made, there’s no reason your partner can’t fund the deal — so long as you bring value to the table. However, it is worth noting that if you aren’t bringing the funds to the partnership, you had better bring a lot of value elsewhere. Perhaps you actually know of a deal, or maybe you have the right contacts. Whatever the case may be, as a partner, you need to carry your own weight. At the very least, partnering with investors who already have money is a great way to start investing.
5. Home Equity
Did you know you can actually use the equity built up in one property to purchase another? Homeowners with value in their current homes can utilize a few options to get access to cash. The first way to do this is through a cash out refinance. This involves redoing your existing mortgage and pocketing the difference between the two loans. There are no restrictions on what homeowners can do with this capital—meaning it could be used for the down payment on a fix and flip investment property.
Homeowners can also look into a home equity line of credit (HELOC) to purchase a rehab property. A HELOC operates similarly to a credit card, allowing investors to borrow against their equity and make payments every month. These loans will provide investors with a lump sum, offering a great start to flipping houses. The best part about this option is that the interest on a HELOC can be tax-deductible in some cases.
Note that homeowners must have a certain amount of equity in their property to take advantage of these options, which will vary based on your lender. As a general rule, the more equity you have built up, the higher your likelihood of getting approved will be. Finally: always consider how much equity you will have left in the property if you borrow against your home. Many homeowners will opt to maintain at least 20 percent.
6. Option To Buy
Option to buy, or lease option, is when investors agree to purchase a property after leasing. It works like this: renters occupy a space and then agree to purchase the home at the end of the lease agreement. The purchase price will be determined when the original contract is signed, and in most cases, rent payments will act as credits towards the final price. This is a great avenue for those wondering how to flip a house with no money down, as lease option homes do not typically require any upfront payments.
Investors hoping to flip a property through lease options will need to negotiate potential renovations and repairs at the time of the contract signing. That way, both parties are on the same page about any work being done to the property. The terms of an option to buy agreement will vary depending on circumstance, so always be sure to review the contract carefully. Investors may find this a viable option for flipping houses, though it will require preparation and a strong attention to detail.
7. Seller Financing
Another answer for those wondering “how to flip a house with no money” is through seller financing. Investors can either search for properties that advertise seller financing or pitch the idea to interested sellers after finding a home to flip. Rather than going through a traditional lender, seller financing allows investors to work directly with the former property owners. This is an attractive choice to flip houses with no money because investors have more flexibility when negotiating the loan terms. This can lead to a potentially small down payment, favorable payment schedule, and even simpler approval terms.
To secure a property using seller financing, investors need to know what to expect. Just like with private money lenders, investors need to instill a sense of confidence in potential sellers. Be transparent about your goals for the property and provide information that demonstrates why they should finance this deal. You will likely be asked about your income, employment, and credit history, but keep in mind that you are not working with a traditional lender. There is more room to explain your particular situation if necessary. Finally, remember that not every property that is eligible for seller financing will be the right fit for a rehab property. Mind your due diligence and consider if it is the right move for you.
Crowdfunding is another way to secure a loan for your house flipping deal. Crowdfunding is a financing strategy that relies on multiple investors who contribute a portion of your total loan. You can search online to find various sites designed to specifically connect house flippers and crowdfunders to streamline the process. This is a great opportunity for house flippers who are unable to secure mortgages from other lending institutions.
Now, one of the keys to funding your first real estate deal is to tap into a network of experienced real estate investors. To do so, you’ll have to get off the couch and start putting yourself out there. Attend local real estate investing events, clubs, and meetups to being connecting with investors. Not only will you meet successful real estate investors who could potentially mentor you and help fund your next project, you might as well make friends with other investing newbies as well.
9. Live-In Flip
If you want to dive straight in to real estate flipping, you could buy a property as you primary residence and renovate while you live there. This arrangement can open up numerous financing opportunities with beneficial loan terms and minimal down payments. For example, home buyers can utilize the VA loan or USDA loan if they meet other requirements. In terms of repair costs, by working on the home yourself you can save money on labor. Further, you can renovate in sections allowing yourself to extend the timeline without hurting your profits — after all, you would be living there as well.
Note that many homebuyer programs will require you to live in the property for at least one year before moving out. Further, there may be some restrictions in terms of operating a rental property. Always research the options available and ask your lender for clarity. When executed correctly, this can be a great opportunity to jump into flipping houses.
Where To Find Houses To Flip
As you research potential financing methods, take time to look into the right markets for flipping houses. You want to find an up and coming area, where property prices are low enough to make the rehab costs worth it. Look for growing areas where employment is increasing and a few development projects are in the works. It is also important to consider markets where properties are selling somewhat quickly, indicating a seller’s market. These factors will help you identify areas with steady demand that will appreciate over time, ensuring the highest profit margins for your project.
The process of finding a good market and property should go in tandem with your search for an investor. Sometimes, having a specific property to present will help your pitch. Other times, you may find that you have financing and need to secure the right property. Either way, both of these elements are crucial to the success of the flip. Review our 2022 market forecast map to find areas across the country worth considering.
Through no fault of their own, far too many new investors are unaware of the funding opportunities made available to them. For one reason or another, they are convinced they need to use their own money to buy a home, but they couldn’t be more wrong. In fact, you don’t need to use any of your own money if you want to start investing today. That is not to say having your own money wouldn’t help, but it’s certainly not necessary.
The best thing to remember when discovering how to flip houses with no money is that your best chances of receiving funding are going to be private money lenders, hard money lenders, and partners. Each of these three options is made available to investors the day they get into the game.
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The information presented is not intended to be used as the sole basis of any investment decisions, nor should it be construed as advice designed to meet the investment needs of any particular investor. Nothing provided shall constitute financial, tax, legal, or accounting advice or individually tailored investment advice. This information is for educational purposes only.